Numerical Analysis of an Aerofoil Fin Integrated Double Pass Solar Air Heater for Thermal Performance Enhancement

Madhwesh Nagaraj, Manu Krishna Reddy, Arun Kumar Honnesara Sheshadri, Kota Vasudeva Karanth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The Solar Air Heater (SAH) is considered to be one of the promising devices for the utilization of solar radiation. Extracting more heat to the flowing air is the focus of researchers, and many novel ideas are adopted to improve the efficiency of such collectors. The objective of the present work is the enhancement of thermal performance using a numerical analysis of a single flow double pass solar air heater with two types of arrangements of aerofoil fin configurations. The effect of the aerofoil fin configurations and the height of the fin are investigated for their thermal and thermohydraulic efficiencies. The height of the fin varied parametrically for the Reynolds number ranging from 3000 to 24,000 by keeping the axial pitch of the fin as a constant. It is found that the thermal efficiency increases with the increase in fin height due to an increased flow turbulence causing more absorption of heat to the working fluid. However, it is seen that the varying height of the fin beyond a certain height has yielded an adverse effect in terms of lesser thermal efficiency due to the expected flow blockage in the main stream. The thermohydraulic efficiency increases as the height of the fin decreases. The Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results revealed that the optimum aerofoil fin configuration yields approximately a 23.24% higher thermal efficiency when compared with that of the single pass solar air heater (base model). The thermohydraulic efficiency exceeds the optimum aerofoil fin configuration compared with the base model by approximately 20.94%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number591
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical Analysis of an Aerofoil Fin Integrated Double Pass Solar Air Heater for Thermal Performance Enhancement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this