Numerical simulation and design optimization of an electrohydrodynamic pump for dielectric liquids

D. V. Fernandes, Y. K. Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


With an ever increasing demand for more effective heat sinks, liquid based electronic cooling has become a new prospect in the field. The present study introduces an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pump with a simple design for dielectric liquids which have potential applications for electronic cooling. The pump consists of an eccentrically sandwiched wire electrode placed at the horizontal centerline between two parallel flat-plate electrodes. The EHD flow of dielectric liquid induced by the space charge generated due to the Onsager effect was obtained by the numerical solution of the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations for ion transport and the Navier-Stokes equations for fluid flow. Good agreement obtained in the comparison of the numerical and the experimental results of velocity for the centrally sandwiched wire electrode case confirmed the validity of the numerical results. For a fixed voltage, the pump flow rate depends on the eccentricity of the wire electrode with respect to the plate electrodes and also with the electrode dimensions. By using the Taguchi method an optimum design for the EHD pump is obtained considering the wire electrode diameter, the flat plate electrode length and the eccentricity (the horizontal distance between the centers of wire and flat-plate electrodes) as the design parameters for fixed channel dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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