Occupational disease among non-governmental employees in Malaysia: 2002-2006

Adinegara Bin Lutfi Abas, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Mohammed Azman Bin Aziz Mohammed, Nalini Sathiakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


In the absence of systematic occupational disease surveillance, other data collected by governmental agencies or industry is useful in the identification of occupational diseases and their control. We examined data on occupational diseases reported by non-governmental employees to the national workers' social security organization in Malaysia, 2002-2006. The overall incidence rate of occupational disease was 2.8 per 100,000 workers. There was an increase in the annual number and rates of occupational disease over time. The most frequently reported conditions were hearing impairment (32%) and musculoskeletal disorders (28%). Workers in the non-metallic manufacturing industry had the highest average incidence rate of hearing impairment (12.7 per 100,000 workers) and musculoskeletal disorders (3.5 per 100,000 workers), compared to all other industries. Preventive measures should focus on safety education, engineering control and workplace ergonomics. Enforcing workplace standards and incorporating an ongoing surveillance system will facilitate the control and reduction of occupational disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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