Patient and public involvement in research: a review of practical resources for young investigators

Ashokan Arumugam, Lawrence Rick Phillips, Ann Moore, Senthil D. Kumaran, Kesava Kovanur Sampath, Filippo Migliorini, Nicola Maffulli, Bathri Narayanan Ranganadhababu, Fatma Hegazy, Angie Botto-van Bemden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Patient and public involvement (PPI) in every aspect of research will add valuable insights from patients’ experiences, help to explore barriers and facilitators to their compliance/adherence to assessment and treatment methods, bring meaningful outcomes that could meet their expectations, needs and preferences, reduce health care costs, and improve dissemination of research findings. It is essential to ensure competence of the research team by capacity building with available resources on PPI. This review summarizes practical resources for PPI in various stages of research projects—conception, co-creation, design (including qualitative or mixed methods), execution, implementation, feedback, authorship, acknowledgement and remuneration of patient research partners, and dissemination and communication of research findings with PPI. We have briefly summarized the recommendations and checklists, amongst others, for PPI in rheumatic and musculoskeletal research (e.g. the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) recommendations, the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) checklist and the Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and the Public (GRIPP) checklist). Various tools that could be used to facilitate participation, communication and co-creation of research projects with PPI are highlighted in the review. We shed light on the opportunities and challenges for young investigators involving PPI in their research projects, and have summarized various resources that could be used to enhance PPI in various phases/aspects of research. A summary of web links to various tools and resources for PPI in various stages of research is provided in Additional file 1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalBMC Rheumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology


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