Arijit Datta, Prateek Rastogi, Preeti Tiwari, Vijay Kautilya, Lokender Pal Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Since starting of mankind, family fights, outrage, envy and other instigatingfactors have been the leading reason for homicide. With the expandingpopulation, urbanization and industrialization has prompted an expansion in the rate of homicide for theft, dacoity, and other crimes. The recognition and isolation of guilty from society is matter of crucial significance for keeping up wellbeing and security of the whole society.Identification ofepidemiological profile of homicidal deaths can help in controlling the crime rate in the society. Aim: 1. To know the pattern of homicidal deaths in a district of Rajasthan; 2. To know the most common weapon of offence in homicidal cases; 3. To know the most vulnerable age group of homicidal victims Material and Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted in the department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology at Government Medical College, Bharatpur. Study was conducted from January 2018 to December2020. The data includes cases of homicides referred for postmortem by police station of Bharatpur region which comes under jurisdiction of Government Medical College, Bharatpur. Data collection was done using predesigned, pretested, validated and structured proforma, containing parameters like age, sex, year of crime, type of injury, organ involved, region of body involved, type of weapon. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 23. Results: In the present study out of 49 cases, 19 cases belonged to the age group of 15-29 years (38.8%), followed by 32-44 years (24.5%). In majority of the cases, sharp weapon was used predominantly (34.7%), in 16.7% of the casesfirearms and blunt force was used. Conclusion: 1. The incidence of homicidal death is 3.38%, 2.87% and 3.84% for consecutive 3 year; 2. Male female ratio among the homicidal victim is 37:12; 3. The most common age group of victim belongs to 15-29 years Epidemiological profiling may help to understand the pattern of homicides and to evolve methods for their prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-119
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology


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