Perception of youth on smoking among first year medical students in Myanmar

Kye Mon Min Swe, Amit Bhardwaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Tobacco use is considered to be a chief preventable premature cause of death all over the world. Tobacco use kill million of people worldwide, causes immense suffering and also has economic and social cause, those effects that have been linked to global epidemic. Tobacco control experts and Global Health Professional Survey on youth reports have emphasized the importance of training medical students about tobacco smoking. This study examined cigarette smoking among a sample of newly intake medical students of famous medical university in Myanmar. The perception of students on smoking and preventive measure was discussed. Objective: To study the perception of youth on smoking among first year medical students. Method: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was done among first year medical students of the University of Medicine-1, Yangon, during August 2007. Data were collected using a pretested structured self-administered questionnaire. Questionnaire included sections about socio-demographic information, knowledge, practice and their perception on smoking. Result: The prevalence of current smoking among them was 5.8%. There was also statistical significant association between perception and gender, perception and knowledge level and perception and smoking habit. Majority of the students did not smoke since they were aware of the health risk of smoking. Regarding perception of smoking and environmental peers like present of smokers in environment, the students with no smokers in their environment have positive perception than there was a smoker in their environment but it is not statistically significant. Regarding correlation between knowledge score on smoking and perception on smoking, significant correlation between was found between knowledge score and attitude towards susceptibility, seriousness, threat, benefit, barrier and control. Regarding relation between perception on smoking and smoking habit, significant association was found and the nonsmokers and smokers had positive attitude than current smokers. Conclusion: In this study, their perceptions on tobacco smoking were related with practice of smoking. Their perception would be change by health education methods using individual interview, group discussion and form anti-smoking campaign at University. The student's perception upon legislative measure of smoking was still weak.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1828-1840
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine and Public Health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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