Peri-urban area delineation and urban sprawl quantification in Thiruvananthapuram Urban Agglomeration, India, from 2001 to 2021 using geoinformatics

Vishal Chettry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Southeast Asia, rising population, economic growth, and lack of land supply in the city core have led to the widespread irreversible land cover transformation in peri-urban areas. Such extensive and haphazard urban growth in peri-urban areas raises concern about analyzing and promoting planned urban growth. Therefore, this paper attempts to assess land cover changes from 2001 to 2021 and delineate peri-urban areas of a midsized Indian city, i.e., Thiruvananthapuram Urban Agglomeration (UA) using geoinformatics. The maximum likelihood supervised classification tool in ArcGIS 10.3 was used to prepare land cover maps for 2001, 2007, 2014, and 2021. Further, the presence of urban sprawl in the peri-urban areas was detected through Shannon’s entropy index. The urban sprawl typologies in the peri-urban areas were quantified using the adjacent neighborhood relationships concept. The results revealed rapid growth in built-up land cover and decline in non-built-up land cover within Thiruvananthapuram UA during the study period. Peri-urban areas were delineated based on nine indicators, such as total population, population growth, population density, literacy rate, percentage of the male workforce, percentage of the female workforce, agricultural land cover, distance from urban core, and percentage of cultivators to agricultural workers. A rise in Shannon’s entropy index from 1.59 in 2001 to 2.05 in 2021 exhibited the occurrence of rapid urban sprawl in the peri-urban areas. Dominance of discontinuous low-density development, i.e., scatter development typology of urban sprawl, was observed in peri-urban areas of Thiruvananthapuram UA. Such studies using geoinformatics would assist local governments in scientifically formulating sustainable urban policies and plans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-652
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Geomatics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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