Periodontal disease in pregnancy is a risk factor for preeclampsia

Mamatha Shetty, Prasanna Kumar Shetty, Amitha Ramesh, Biju Thomas, Sumathi Prabhu, Aruna Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Many recent studies have evaluated the relation between periodontitis and pregnancy complications. This study aimed to examine the association between preeclampsia and periodontitis in Indian women. A total of 130 pregnant women were enrolled between 26-32 weeks of gestation. Oral health examinations were performed at recruitment and again within 48 hours of delivery to determine the presence and/or progression of periodontitis in all subjects. Pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), and gingival index were measured in all subjects. There was significant (p <0.05) difference between the preeclampsia and normotensive groups in the distribution of periodontitis both at recruitment and after delivery. Multiple logistic regression demonstrated that periodontitis both at enrolment (OR = 5.78, 95% CI 2.41-13.89) as well as within 48 hours of delivery (OR = 20.15, 95% CI 4.55-89.29), may be associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-721
Number of pages4
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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