Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye using newly synthesized zirconia nanoparticles

Ramesh Vinayagam, Bhawesh Singhania, Gokulakrishnan Murugesan, P. Senthil Kumar, Ruchi Bhole, Manoj Kumar Narasimhan, Thivaharan Varadavenkatesan, Raja Selvaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zirconium oxide nanoparticles (ZrO2NPs) were prepared using the leaf extract of Muntingia calabura as a reductant. The absorption peak at 232 nm confirmed the signature peak for ZrO2NPs with band energy at 5.07 eV. The ZrO2NPs were tetragonal and highly crystalline, possessing a mean diameter of 14.83 nm as confirmed by XRD studies. The lattice constants (a = 0.362 nm and c = 0.511 nm) were consistent with the literature. Spherical nanoaggregates (29.25 nm) were seen in FESEM image and the specific signals for Zr and O were noticed in EDS image. The tetragonal phase of the ZrO2NPs were further confirmed from the XPS and Raman studies. PL spectrum had a sharp emission at 493 nm. The FTIR spectrum revealed the presence of various functional groups. ZrO2NPs were thermally stable with 5.76% total weight loss – as revealed from TGA profile. The photocatalytic breakdown of methylene blue (MB) dye under the influence of solar irradiation was performed using ZrO2NPs which exhibited 89.11% degradation within 5 h. Hence, the synthesized ZrO2NPs can be used as an alternate potential photocatalyst for the degradation of various dyes present in waste streams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113785
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume214
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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