Predictive Value of Camera‑based Donor Glomerular Filtration Rate Estimation on the Immediate Renal Allograft Outcome Following Live‑related Renal Transplant: A Single‑center Retrospective Study

Sumeet Suresh Malapure, Sibi Oommen, Shivanand Bhushan, Mohan Varadanayakanahalli Bhojaraja, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Sucharitha Suresh, Dharshan Rangaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) using camera‑based method with early transplant outcomes. Methodology: Diethylenetriamine pentaacetate renograms of all voluntary kidney donors between January 2016 and December 2022 at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India, were retrieved for the study. Recipients’ posttransplant biochemical parameters were collected and compared against donors with scaled mGFR >80 ml/min/1.73 m2 (Group 1) and with mGFR between 60 and 80 ml/min/1.73 m2 (Group 2). Donor–recipient pair age, anthropometric parameters, and their differences were also assessed against the immediate transplant outcome. Posttransplant immediate graft function was assessed by posttransplant nadir serum creatinine, day to achieve nadir serum creatinine, the incidence of slow graft or delayed graft function, and serum creatinine at 1‑month posttransplantation. Recipients with serum creatinine of >2.5 mg/dl on posttransplant day 7 were taken as slow graft function. Results: A total of 161 donor–recipient pairs were analyzed in the study. In recipients who showed persistently high serum creatinine posttransplant, older donor age(p < 0.001), higher difference in body mass index among the donor–recipient pair (p= 0.03), and mGFR <80ml/min (p < 0.001) were significantly associated. Slow graft function was significantly more in Group II recipients, with donors having mGFR <80ml/min as compared to Group I with mGFR >80 ml/ min (37.3% vs. 10.6%) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Camera‑based mGFR using Gates’ formula is a reliable tool to predict inferior graft outcomes in the immediate posttransplant period. Kidneys from donors with mGFR of 60–80 mL/min/1.73 m2 are likely to experience slow graft function in the immediate posttransplant period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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