Dianex, a polyherbal formulation intended to use for diabetic patients, has been screened for toxic effects. For acute toxicity studies, Dianex was administered orally in graded doses of 0.75-10 g/kg to the mice. For subacute toxicity studies, different doses of Dianex (1.0, 1.5 and 2.5 g/kg) were administered orally to the rats once daily for 30 days. Animals were observed for physiological and behavioural responses, mortality, food and water intake and body weight changes. Hematological evaluation was performed weekly. All the animals were sacrificed on 31st day and changes in organ weights and histology were examined. Biochemical studies were done in liver and serum. No mortality was observed up to 10 g/kg of Dianex in acute toxicity study. Daily administration of as high as 2.5 g/kg dose of Dianex did not result in any mortality or changes in gross behaviour, body weight, weight and histology of different organs or serum and liver biochemistry. However, significant increase in RBC count and hemoglobin level was observed in the treated animals at all doses. Other peripheral blood constituents were in the normal range. The dose of Dianex to produce significant antidiabetic activity in mouse, 0.25-0.5 g/kg, is much lower than the doses used in the present study. Therefore such doses may be safe for daily administration without causing any serious side effects.
|Number of pages
|Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
|Published - 01-04-2003
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology