Prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: A community survey

C. S. Agnes, Srikanth Nayak, Usha Devadas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Dysphagia is a common clinical condition in older adults with significant implications for health and quality of life (QOL). However, its prevalence and associated factors in the Indian community-dwelling older adults remain understudied. The present study aims at identifying the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia symptoms in Indian community-dwelling older adults and identifying the age-related comorbid variables associated with an increased risk of oropharyngeal dysphagia in this population. Methods: Total 384 community-dwelling older adults (60 years of age or older) who were independent in performing daily activities were included in the present study. The Malayalam version of the Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10) questionnaire was used to assess individuals at risk for dysphagia. Additionally, they also completed a self-report questionnaire addressing age-related comorbid variables associated with an increased risk of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Result: Using the Malayalam version of the EAT-10, the present study identified the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia symptoms in 9.9% of community-dwelling older adults. Among the EAT-10 symptoms, cough while/after swallowing, difficulty swallowing solids and difficulty swallowing liquids were the most prevalent symptoms reported by participants. Increase in age and age-related comorbidities such as tooth loss, history of heart failure and digestive diseases were found to be significantly associated with the reporting of risk for dysphagia symptoms. Conclusion: As dysphagia symptoms significantly impact the social, psychological and QOL of community-dwelling older adults, it is important to develop awareness about these symptoms among older adults, caretakers and physicians. Early detection and appropriate management of community-dwelling older adults at risk for dysphagia can contribute to better health outcomes and improved QOL. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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