Process deviations in pharmaceutical industry: Various types, handling procedure and systems

Vamshi T. Krishna, Lalit Kumar, M. Sreenivasa Reddy, B. S. Muddukrishna, K. Girish Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Standard operating procedures (SOPs) form the backbone of any pharmaceutical industry. It states the procedure to be followed for each and every activity that is carried out in the pharmaceutical industry. All the staffs are trained on each SOP. SOPs state the procedure to be followed, dos and don'ts etc. However most of the times, deviations do occur knowingly or unknowingly. A deviation needs to be addressed and investigated with proper corrective actions and preventive actions (CAPA) to avoid recurrence. This is a regulatory requirement too. Deviation can result from malfunctioning of equipment, non-conforming materials and human errors as well. In this article, we have tried to outline various types, with few examples and a brief handling procedure for handling deviations efficiently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-342
Number of pages3
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)


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