Professional roles of female urologists: A webinar-based survey of perceptions and obstacles to career development

Sufyan Ibrahim, Amelia Pietropaolo, Nithesh Naik, Anita Patel, Milap J. Shah, Patricia Zondervan, Jean McDonald, B. M. Zeeshan Hameed, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Hadis Karimi, Bhaskar K. Somani, Joanne Cresswell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Urology, traditionally a maledominated specialty, keeping pace with the quickly changing gender landscape, has been characterized by waves of feminization. This study aims to understand the perspectives of women urologists on the obstacles to their career development, and the impact of such hurdles on their professional roles in urological education, practice, and leadership. Methods: 119 female urology residents/consultants were surveyed via a webinar-based platform, covering relevant questions on domains of Academia, Mentorship, Leadership, Parenting, and Charity. Statistical analysis was done using frequency distribution based on the responses. Results: 46.8% of the respondents felt that there is an under-representation of women in academia. 'Having a good mentor' was the most important factor for a novice to succeed in academia (68%). The most important trait in becoming a good leader was 'good communication skills' (35%), followed by 'visionary' (20%). The greatest challenge faced by leaders in the medical field was considered as 'time management' (31.9%). Only 21.2% of the participants felt difficulty in having a work-personal life balance, whereas 63.8% of them found it difficult only 'sometimes'. As a working parent, 'the guilt that they are not available all the time' was considered the most difficult aspect (59.5%), and 'more flexible schedule' was needed to make their lives as a working parent easier (46.8%). 34% of the respondents were affiliated with some charitable organizations. The biggest drive to do charity was their satisfaction with a noble cause (72.3%). Conclusions: Need for increased encouragement and recruitment of females into urology, and to support and nurture them in their career aspirations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-459
Number of pages5
JournalArchivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20-12-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology


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