Quality of tuberculosis care in high burden countries: the urgent need to address gaps in the care cascade

Danielle Cazabon, Hannah Alsdurf, Srinath Satyanarayana, Ruvandhi Nathavitharana, Ramnath Subbaraman, Amrita Daftary, Madhukar Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the high coverage of directly observed treatment short-course (DOTS), tuberculosis (TB) continues to affect 10.4 million people each year, and kills 1.8 million. High TB mortality, the large number of missing TB cases, the emergence of severe forms of drug resistance, and the slow decline in TB incidence indicate that merely expanding the coverage of TB services is insufficient to end the epidemic. In the era of the End TB Strategy, we need to think beyond coverage and start focusing on the quality of TB care that is routinely offered to patients in high burden countries, in both public and private sectors. In this review, current evidence on the quality of TB care in high burden countries, major gaps in the quality of care, and some novel efforts to measure and improve the quality of care are described. Based on systematic reviews on the quality of TB care or surrogates of quality (e.g., TB diagnostic delays), analyses of TB care cascades, and newer studies that directly measure quality of care, it is shown that the quality of care in both the public and private sector falls short of international standards and urgently needs improvement. National TB programs will therefore need to systematically measure and improve quality of TB care and invest in quality improvement programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'Quality of tuberculosis care in high burden countries: the urgent need to address gaps in the care cascade'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this