Background: Lingual plate thickness, density, and proximity to the tooth are linked as risk factors for various complications associated with third molar extraction. The present study aimed to assess the lingual plate thickness, and density in the mandibular third molar region using cone beam computed tomography and to estimate its correlation with type and level of impaction, number of roots, age, and gender as the risk factors Methods: This was a retrospective study on CBCT images of 648 mandibular third molars. The lingual plate thickness at three different root levels – cervical, mid-root, and apex along with the position of the tooth, number of roots, density of lingual plate, age, and gender were evaluated. The measurements were done on Invivo 5-Anatomage software. Statistical comparison of the categorical variables was done by Chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test, and univariate and multivariate analysis were done using binomial logistic regression. Results: Lingual plate thickness of the third molars at the cervical, mid root, and apex were 1.28 mm, 1.42 mm and .01 mm (mean). A significantly higher proportion of subjects with thin lingual plates at mid-root (p-value=0.01) and apex (p-value=0.05) were in the 21–30 age group. Lingual bone density was significantly associated with the thickness of the lingual plate at the mid-root. A significantly higher proportion of thinner lingual plates at the mid-root level were associated with mesioangularly placed third molars (p-value=0.002). Conclusion: Our study presented that lingual plate thickness has a strong association with age, angulation, and the number of roots. Knowledge about these risk factors is imperative during the management of third molar impactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-277
Number of pages11
JournalClinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Dentistry


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