Recent Advances in Construction of Masonry Structure by Waste Materials

Kumble Pooja, Prashanth Shreelaxmi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Masonry being one of the oldest form of construction built by joining building units with gluing agents termed as mortar. Conventional masonry is built by using adobe, bricks and cement. Use of these materials adversely affects the environment by marking large carbon foot print and huge consumption of natural resources. In the present review, use of different waste materials in the development of sustainable, alkali-activated masonry units and hence their properties in the masonry system are studied. These masonry structural based material are free of OPC. Development of masonry structural components using alkali activation of industrial wastes is expected to lead to both an economic and sustainable option in the building sector. This study is in two parts. Firstly, alkali activation of industrial wastes in the development of building blocks and in the second phase, bricks with different types of mortars are discussed. Literature review revealed that there is a potential use of industrial wastes in construction as building units with different alkali activators of different proportions and concentration to achieve the required physio-chemical and durability properties. A knowledge about the alkali-activated products are not widely commercialized. Hence more studies on alkali activation of waste materials are still required in order to develop a code of practice for a masonry system based on this technology as an alternate option to the conventional masonry which intends sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainability Trends and Challenges in Civil Engineering - Select Proceedings of CTCS 2020
EditorsLakshman Nandagiri, M.C. Narasimhan, Shriram Marathe, S.V. Dinesh
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9789811628252
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventInternational Conference on Civil Engineering Trends and Challenges for Sustainability, CTCS 2020 - Karkala, India
Duration: 22-12-202023-12-2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferenceInternational Conference on Civil Engineering Trends and Challenges for Sustainability, CTCS 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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