Recent advances in perioperative blood management

Handattu M. Krishna, Mukesh Kumar Prasad, Milon V. Mitragotri, G. I. Bipin, Divya Gupta, Ridhima Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transfusion of blood and blood products has many adverse effects and should be done only if patient benefits outweigh the associated risks. Current understanding of blood transfusion has improved dramatically, revolutionising the care of surgical, trauma, obstetric and critically ill patients. Most guidelines advise a restrictive approach for stable patients with non-haemorrhagic anaemia for red blood cell transfusion. The rationale for red blood cell transfusion has historically been to improve oxygen transport capacity and consumption-related parameters in anaemic patients. Current understanding casts serious doubts about the true potential of red blood cell transfusions to improve these factors. There may not be any benefit from blood transfusion beyond a haemoglobin threshold of 7 g/dL. In fact, liberal transfusion may be associated with higher complications. Guideline-based transfusion policy should be adopted for the administration of all blood products including fresh frozen plasma, platelet concentrates and cryoprecipitate etc. This should be integrated with clinical judgement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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