Recent development in nano-phase change materials and their applications in enhancing thermal capacity of intelligent buildings: A state-of-the art review

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid urbanization and industrialization has led to a tremendous increase in energy demand. The functioning of buildings consumes an enormous amount of energy, which can be economized by using phase change materials (PCMS). This paper mainly aims to present a detailed review of the application of nano-PCMS for temperature regulation of intelligent buildings. The first part of this paper deals with the broad classification of PCMS into organic, inorganic, and eutectic mixtures with a detailed review of their melting points and latent heat of fusion. The second part explores different mechanisms for PCMS, like mechanical deformation, optical modulation, etc. A summary of research works pertaining to various mechanisms, citing their benefits and drawbacks, as well as their applicability and suitability, has been presented. The last section of this paper presents an exhaustive review of PCMS in different applications along with challenges faced and future research directions. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1463-1487
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-03-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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