Role of Acorus calamus in preventing depression, anxiety, and oxidative stress in long-term socially isolated rats

Ashwin Rohan Rai, Teresa Joy, Meghana Poojari, Mangala M. Pai, Amit Massand, B. V. Murlimanju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: Social isolation stress (SIS) and individual housing have been shown to cause abnormal cognitive insufficiencies, altered anxiety levels, and signs of psychiatric diseases. Acorus calamus (AC), commonly known as Sweet Flag, has been widely used in India to treat neurological, metabolic, and respiratory disorders, indicating its potential therapeutic value. This study aimed to determine the antidepressant and antioxidative effects of AC on rats subjected to long-term, social isolation-induced stress. Materials and Methods: This study involved 2-month-old male rats (24) weighing approximately 180–200 g bred in-house. The rats were divided into four groups (n = 6): Group 1 received saline, Group 2 received SIS, Group 3 received only 50 mg/kg AC, and Group 4 received 50 mg/kg AC and SIS for 6 weeks. After this, behavioral, biochemical, and neuronal assays were conducted. Results: Behavioral experiments showed significantly higher activity levels (p < 0.001) in AC-treated rats than in the SIS group. In addition, rats subjected to SIS with AC treatment exhibited enhanced total antioxidants, superoxide dismutase, and neuronal assays compared to rats subjected to SIS alone. Conclusion: Acorus calamus treatment improved the antidepressant and antioxidant potential against SIS in rat brain tissue. Moreover, we proved that AC can effectively reverse the neurotoxicity induced by SIS in animal models. As we battle against the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and social isolation, AC could be considered a supplementary treatment to alleviate depressive-like symptoms in our present-day lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1764
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary World
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Veterinary

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