Role of Deep Learning in Prostate Cancer Management: Past, Present and Future Based on a Comprehensive Literature Review

Nithesh Naik, Theodoros Tokas, Dasharathraj K. Shetty, B. M.Zeeshan Hameed, Sarthak Shastri, Milap J. Shah, Sufyan Ibrahim, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Piotr Chłosta, Bhaskar K. Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review aims to present the applications of deep learning (DL) in prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment. Computer vision is becoming an increasingly large part of our daily lives due to advancements in technology. These advancements in computational power have allowed more extensive and more complex DL models to be trained on large datasets. Urologists have found these technologies help them in their work, and many such models have been developed to aid in the identification, treatment and surgical practices in prostate cancer. This review will present a systematic outline and summary of these deep learning models and technologies used for prostate cancer management. A literature search was carried out for English language articles over the last two decades from 2000–2021, and present in Scopus, MEDLINE,, Science Direct, Web of Science and Google Scholar. A total of 224 articles were identified on the initial search. After screening, 64 articles were identified as related to applications in urology, from which 24 articles were identified to be solely related to the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. The constant improvement in DL models should drive more research focusing on deep learning applications. The focus should be on improving models to the stage where they are ready to be implemented in clinical practice. Future research should prioritize developing models that can train on encrypted images, allowing increased data sharing and accessibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3575
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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