SMARCB1 (INI-1) - Deficient sinonasal carcinoma: Report of two cases

Geetha Vasudevan, Srilatha Parampalli Srinivas, Bhavna Nayal, Padmapriya Jayaprakash, Balakrishnan Ramaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient sinonasal carcinoma is a rare, poorly differentiated carcinoma defined by complete loss of tumor suppressor gene SMARCB1 (INI-1) within the neoplastic cell nuclei demonstrated by the immunohistochemical stain. SMARCB1 (INI-1) gene inactivation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a diverse group of malignant neoplasms that tend to share "rhabdoid" morphology. SMARCB1 (INI-1)-deficient sinonasal carcinoma was first reported by Agaimy et al. in 2014. These tumors are often basaloid with focal rhabdoid differentiation, prominent necrosis, increased mitotic activity, and aggressive behavior. Other than being INI-1 and NUT negative, they are positive for pancytokeratin and express variable immunoreactivity for squamous markers like p63 and neuroendocrine markers like synaptophysin. Most patients present with locally advanced disease and hence a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery is usually recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-355
Number of pages4
JournalIndian journal of pathology & microbiology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Microbiology (medical)

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