Elastomers are the class of materials that are widely used in a variety of industrial, commercial, and consumer applications due to their unique mechanical properties, including high elasticity, high flexibility, and high resilience. However, there are many challenges in machining of elastomers such as poor surface finish, build up of heat, degradation of elastomers, etc. To overcome these challenges, cryogenic cooling assistance has been introduced as a means of improving the machinability of elastomers. This paper presents a soft computing approach for optimizing the surface roughness and cutting force during turning of elastomers under different lubrication conditions. Three types of elastomers, namely Nitrile Rubber (NBR), Polyurethane Rubber (PU), and Neoprene Rubber (CR), are studied, and a cryogenic fluid delivery system is employed to improve the machining process. Taguchi’s L27 array is used to vary the input parameters, and a Back-Propagation Artificial Neural Network (BPANN) model is developed to predict the cutting force and surface roughness. The cutting force and surface roughness are analyzed under different cooling conditions, cutting speeds, feeds, and depths of cut for various elastomers. The results show that changes in cutting conditions significantly affect the cutting force and that the type of lubrication used affects the cutting force by altering the material’s physical properties. Cutting force is significantly influenced by cutting conditions, and NBR requires the highest cutting force compared to PU and CR. Further, at a cutting speed of 55 m/min, a feed of 0.11 mm/rev, and a depth of cut of 0.25 mm, the cutting force for NBR (85.1 N), while for PU (75.1 N) and CR (80.3 N), respectively. Finally, with LN2 lubrication conditions, the Cutting Force decreased by 45% and Surface Roughness decreased by 16.9%. This study provides insights into the factors affecting the elastomer machining process, which can be useful for optimizing the machining process parameters and improving machining efficiency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Computer Science
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Engineering