Soft computing for sustainable drilling of AISI 316L stainless steel under formulated neem oil minimum quantity lubrication condition

C. P. Natesh, Y. M. Shashidhara, H. J. Amarendra, Raviraj Shetty, Rajesh Nayak, S. V.Uday Kumar Shetty, Madhukara Nayak, Adithya Hegde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper discusses about process input optimization to obtain desired output characteristics such as Surface Roughness (microns), Thrust Force (N) and Torque (N-m) during drilling of AISI 316 L Stainless Steel under minimum quantity formulated neem oil lubrication condition based on Taguchi Design of Experiments (TDOE), Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Desirability Functional Analysis (DFA) by varying flow rate (ml.min−1), stand-off distance (mm), flow pressure (Bar) and nozzle exit diameter (mm). Formulated Neem Oil possesses natural lubricating properties that reduce friction and heat generation, thus prolonging the tool life and improving surface finish. Additionally, it is biodegradable and environmentally friendly, making it a sustainable choice for machining operations. From the experimental investigation using TDOE, it was observed that there was considerable improvement in thrust force, surface roughness and torque with modified neem oil as a lubricant. Further, plot for main effects and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) are successfully used to identify the optimum process input parameters and their percentage of contribution (P%) on output parameters. RSM is successfully used to generate a second order mathematical model which can be effectively used to analyze the process parameters. Further, from Desirability Functional Analysis (DFA), minimum surface roughness (0.34 microns), thrust force (1292.37 N) and torque (14.71 N-m) value were predicted. Finally, Back Propagation Artificial Neural Network (BPANN) analysis has been adopted to predict the surface roughness, thrust force and torque with a minimal error of 1.46%, 0.017% & 0.17%, respectively. The adoption of Neem oil formulations has been successful in improving machining characteristics. Its versatility across an array of machining processes and materials, in tandem with the global momentum toward greener manufacturing paradigms, positions it as a promising lubricant for various machining practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2261231
JournalCogent Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Engineering


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