Objective: Physical inactivity is linked with high chronic disease risk; however, only a fraction of the global population meets the recommendations for physical activity. Stair-climbing is a simple and accessible form of physical activity that has been shown to improve cardio-metabolic outcomes in adults. The present scoping review explores the physiological and therapeutic effects of stair-climbing interventions on adult cardio-metabolic disease risk factors. Methods: This scoping review followed the reporting guidelines of the Arksey & O'Malley framework, which collates evidence in stages. The research question was framed as “What are the effects of stair climbing on cardio-metabolic outcomes in adults?”. Eligible articles were identified through an extensive search of four electronic databases, and data from 24 research studies were charted and organized. Results: Stair climbing improves aerobic capacity (8–33 ml kg/min) and serum biomarkers by ≈9–15 %. A minimum of 4–8 weeks are necessary to alter cardiometabolic risk. Regular stair climbing can improve cardio-metabolic risk indicators, including body composition, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and insulin sensitivity. The research regarding inflammatory and musculoskeletal changes with stair climbing bouts is still in its infancy. Conclusion: Stair climbing interventions are a no-cost and feasible form of physical activity for improving cardiometabolic disease risk in adults.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine