Strategy for promoting utilization of non-biodegradable wastes in affordable housing in India

Dibya Jivan Pati, Shanta Pragyan Dash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Non-biodegradable wastes like plastic have posed threat to environment due to its rigidity and long-lasting properties. Dumping them in the landfill affects the future land requirements, which has eventually become a concern among government and urban local bodies. Like glass bottles and metal-cans, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles also consume additional space in landfill in terms of volume and do not disintegrate for at least 100 years. Some architects and environmentalists have used PET bottles as eco-friendly brick showcasing its compressive strength and potentials, higher than traditional brick and reducing the overall construction cost compared to brick masonry. The aim of the research is to investigate the feasibility of using PET bottles as an alternative construction practice for the dwelling units of the urban poor as an “innovative method of construction of low-cost dwelling”. It also analyses the various central and state government schemes and discusses about the participatory roles played by each sector for proposed method of construction. The primary study comprising of data collection through questionnaire was conducted in Bhubaneswar City, a metropolitan area considered under Smart City scheme. The findings from the study shows that at least 8000 dwelling units of 37 m2 of carpet area can be built using PET bottles for exterior wall and partitions. The last section summarises the role of various government schemes, participation of government, non-governmental organizations and people belonging to economical weaker sections is necessary for successful implementation of affordable housing. The future scope of the research can be directed towards making this proposed strategy economically feasible and considered as an environmental awareness strategy to achieve the control on waste generation being transported to landfill as well as providing affordable housing to urban poor in India.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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