Structural characterization of cuboidal α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles synthesized by a facile approach

H. Sridevi, M. Ramananda Bhat, P. Senthil Kumar, N. Manoj Kumar, Raja Selvaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were synthesized using Tabebuia aurea leaf extract by a facile approach. The signature peaks for Fe and O in the EDX spectrum verified the formation of Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Cuboidal-shaped nanoparticles were observed in the FE-SEM image. In the XRD pattern, it was observed that the peaks belong to α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. These particles were pure and crystalline with an average particle size of 25.69 nm. The signals at 538 and 494 cm−1 in the FTIR image confirmed the formation of hematite nanoparticles. BET analysis showed a comparatively greater surface area (31.03 m2/g) than the commercial α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, and the pores were mesoporous. XPS analysis confirmed the existence of α-Fe2O3 by showing the specific oxidation states for iron and oxygen at 710.34 and 529.67 eV, respectively. The saturation magnetization value of 13.97 emu/g confirmed the superparamagnetic nature. The TGA, which determined the thermal stability of the nanoparticles, reported a total weight loss of 12.75%. Hence, the highly crystalline, pure, mesoporous, superparamagnetic α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with high surface area synthesized using T. aurea leaf extract can be potentially applied in diverse fields.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Nanoscience (Switzerland)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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