Synthesis and erudite insight into the structural, luminescence and thermal sensing characteristics of Sm3+ incorporated β-BaB2O4 novel phosphors

R. Kiran, H. M. Pratheeksha, Vidya Saraswathi A, A. Princy, S. Masilla Moses Kennedy, Abeer S. Altowyan, M. I. Sayyed, Sudha D. Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we have presented the comprehensive characterization of red-light-emitting novel β-BaB2O4:xSm3+ (x = 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, and 2 mol%) phosphor samples synthesized by making use of solid-state reaction method. The XRD patterns verified the successful synthesis and in-depth analyses were carried out to explore the structural, luminescence, and thermal properties. Notably, the introduction of Sm3+ through doping did not result in any substantial alterations in the crystal structure. Photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra exhibited 4 distinct peaks for 401 nm excitation. Out of these 4 peaks, the prominent peak was present at 601 nm, attributed to the magnetic dipole-allowed transition 4G5/26H7/2. The colorimetric analysis revealed the correlated color temperature (CCT) to be around 1700 K, accompanied by 99.9 % colour purity. The optimal doping concentration, before luminescence quenching, was identified as 1 mol%, with multipole-multipole interactions identified as the predominant quenching mechanism. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) studies on β-BaB2O4:1%Sm3+ confirmed characteristic peaks corresponding to Sm3+ transitions, revealing an ionic bonding nature between Sm3+ and the host. Also, the direct optical band gap was determined to be 5.62 eV. Furthermore, the optimized phosphor demonstrated exceptional temperature-dependent photoluminescent (TDPL) properties, exhibiting a negligible (∼5 %) decrease in emission intensity for prominent peaks even at 440 K. Overall, the phosphors displayed high activation energy, significant thermal stability, and thermal sensing properties, making them promising candidates for various optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124792
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 09-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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