Infrastructure development and urbanization have created a demand for the prime construction material—"Concrete." The manufacture of concrete has pressurized the aggregate supply chain for over-exploitation of natural resources leading to eco-detrimental impacts besides environmental regulations. The auxiliary sectors of the construction industry are creating a vast quantum of by-products and waste, causing environmental degradation, which concerns governing bodies. Developing aggregates artificially using these by-products and waste materials would be an eco-friendly and economical solution. This article provides an overview of the ingredients, production methods, and factors influencing the characteristics of such sustainable building materials, which can substitute conventional aggregates in the near future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Mechanics of Materials