TeO2 for enhancing structural, mechanical, optical, gamma and neutron radiation shielding performance of bismuth borosilicate glasses

Ashwitha Nancy D'Souza, Basavaraj Padasale, M. S. Murari, Naregundi Karunakara, M. I. Sayyed, Mohamed Elsafi, Hanan Al-Ghamdi, Aljawhara H. Almuqrin, Sudha D. Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The synthesized 12Bi2O3– 8BaO–12ZnO-0.5CeO2-17.5SiO2- (50-x) B2O3- xTeO2 glasses with x = 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 mol% (coded BiTe-0 to BiTe-40) were investigated in terms of physical, structural, optical and mechanical properties to examine the influence of CeO2 and TeO2 on the heavy metal oxide (HMO) borosilicate network. Density values increased continuously with increasing TeO2 concentration with BiTe-40 glass exhibiting maximum value of 5.0875 gcm−3. This property helped in enhancement of refractive index values from 1.769 for BiTe-0 to 1.942 for BiTe-40. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis of studied glasses revealed the presence of additional small peak at 683 cm−1 in BiTe-30 and BiTe-40 which confirmed the formation of stable TeO4 units in the glass network. The deep brown colour of the glass existing due to bismuth's presence was nullified by CeO2 and TeO2 additives which improved transparency of the glass. Urbach analysis of these glasses led to optical bandgap variation between 3.27 eV and 2.73 eV for 0–40 mol% TeO2 concentration. Makishima and Mackenzie model was utilized for evaluation of elastic property of the glasses, and Poisson's ratio ranging between 1.935 and 1.953 was obtained. Vickers micro-indentation test on the current glasses revealed decreasing microhardness from 4.116 to 4.076 GPa with TeO2 variation from 0 to 40 mol% at 9.8 N load. Gamma radiation shielding parameters were determined using Phy-X/PSD software and it was found that BiTe-40 glass produce maximum MAC (mass attenuation co-efficient) values in high photon energy region 3.5–15 MeV. The present article also contains a detailed emphasis on behaviour of gamma radiation build-up factors at different incident photon energy and TeO2 concentration. The increasing trend of exposure build up factor (EBF) was seen with increasing penetration depth inside the samples at all energies, indicating that glasses of larger thickness improve the escape probability of photons. Meanwhile, fast neutron removal cross-section (FNRCS) was highest for BiTe-10 sample (0.10118 cm−1) which also surpassed the value of ordinary concrete (0.093 cm−1). Overall, the present glass system bested other conventional shields available commercially in terms of gamma and neutron radiation shielding effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126657
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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