The Ascent of Artificial Intelligence in Endourology: a Systematic Review Over the Last 2 Decades

B. M.Zeeshan Hameed, Milap Shah, Nithesh Naik, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Hadis Karimi, Patrick Rice, Peter Kronenberg, Bhaskar Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of Review: To highlight and review the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in kidney stone disease (KSD) for diagnostics, predicting procedural outcomes, stone passage, and recurrence rates. The systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Recent Findings: This review discusses the newer advancements in AI-driven management strategies, which holds great promise to provide an essential step for personalized patient care and improved decision making. AI has been used in all areas of KSD including diagnosis, for predicting treatment suitability and success, basic science, quality of life (QOL), and recurrence of stone disease. However, it is still a research-based tool and is not used universally in clinical practice. This could be due to a lack of data infrastructure needed to train the algorithms, wider applicability in all groups of patients, complexity of its use and cost involved with it. Summary: The constantly evolving literature and future research should focus more on QOL and the cost of KSD treatment and develop evidence-based AI algorithms that can be used universally, to guide urologists in the management of stone disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number53
JournalCurrent Urology Reports
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology


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