The revolution of PDMS microfluidics in cellular biology

Soumyabrata Banik, Ashwini Uchil, Tenzin Kalsang, Sanjiban Chakrabarty, Md Azahar Ali, Pornsak Srisungsitthisunti, Krishna Kishore Mahato, Salvatore Surdo, Nirmal Mazumder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (SciVal)


Microfluidics is revolutionizing the way research on cellular biology has been traditionally conducted. The ability to control the cell physicochemical environment by adjusting flow conditions, while performing cellular analysis at single-cell resolution and high-throughput, has made microfluidics the ideal choice to replace traditional in vitro models. However, such a revolution only truly started with the advent of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a microfluidic structural material and soft-lithography as a rapid manufacturing technology. Indeed, before the “PDMS age,” microfluidic technologies were: costly, time-consuming and, more importantly, accessible only to specialized laboratories and users. The simplicity of molding PDMS in various shapes along with its inherent properties (transparency, biocompatibility, and gas permeability) has spread the applications of innovative microfluidic devices to diverse and important biological fields and clinical studies. This review highlights how PDMS-based microfluidic systems are innovating pre-clinical biological research on cells and organs. These devices were able to cultivate different cell lines, enhance the sensitivity and diagnostic effectiveness of numerous cell-based assays by maintaining consistent chemical gradients, utilizing and detecting the smallest number of analytes while being high-throughput. This review will also assist in identifying the pitfalls in current PDMS-based microfluidic systems to facilitate breakthroughs and advancements in healthcare research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalCritical Reviews in Biotechnology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


Dive into the research topics of 'The revolution of PDMS microfluidics in cellular biology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this