Thermal and Electrical Performance of Uncooled, Nature-Cooled, and Photovoltaic Thermal Module

Pushpendu Dwivedi, Sujay Ashwinraj Ganesh, Kumarasamy Sudhakar, Archana Soni, S. Shanmuga Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The experimental study is aimed at analyzing photovoltaic module's thermal and electrical performance (PV) with back surface cooling under Malaysian tropical climate conditions. The performance of a passively cooled PV module integrated with biomaterial (moist coconut fiber) was compared with a photovoltaic thermal (PVT) system with water circulation at the rate of 0.02 kg s-1 and a reference PV module. The study observed that the passively cooled PV module succeeded in reducing the module surface temperature by more than 20%. However, the PVT system reduced the temperature only by less than 17%. The electrical energy efficiency was improved remarkably in the passively cooled PV module by almost 11%, but the PVT system managed to increase the electrical efficiency by 9%, approximately. It can be concluded that nature-inspired coconut fiber-based cooling can be one of the potential alternatives to active cooling methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4720545
JournalInternational Journal of Photoenergy
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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