Thermo-hydraulic and exergetic performance of a cost-effective solar air heater: CFD and experimental study

Kottayat Nidhul, Ajay Kumar Yadav, S. Anish, U. C. Arunachala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study is carried out to investigate the impact of secondary flow strengthening the thermo-hydraulic performance of discrete multiple inclined baffles in a flat plate solar air heater (SAH) with semi-cylindrical sidewalls. Initially, for a fixed relative baffle height (Rh = 0.1), the relative baffle pitch (Rp) for continuous baffles is varied in the range of 0.6–1 to obtain the optimum baffle pitch for 6000 <Re < 14000. The impact of gaps at leading, trailing, and both leading and trailing apices are studied as three different configurations with the optimum Rp. A maximum thermo-hydraulic performance of 2.69 is obtained for the gap at the trailing apex. The proposed design has a higher collector efficiency, 55–70%, compared to the ribbed rectangular SAH design exhibiting 30–55%. With lower exergy losses, the present SAH design has higher exergetic efficiency (1.5%–2.2%)than ribbed rectangular SAH (0.9%–1.7%) for the range of Re studied. Further, at low Re, the present SAH design has a higher coefficient of performance, indicating that it is cost-effective than ribbed rectangular SAH designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-641
Number of pages15
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - 01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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