Tone burst evoked auditory brainstem responses and auditory steady state responses with 40 or > 80 Hz modulation can be used to determine frequency specific threshold. The present study was taken up to check for the efficacy of estimating hearing thresholds by tone burst ABR and ASSR. The frequency effect (low, mid and high) on estimating the threshold was also focused upon. 20 normal hearing adults (40 ears) in the age range of 16 to 30 years participated in the study. The pure tone audiometry and immittance was initially done. Subsequently, tone-burst ABR, 80Hz ASSR and 40Hz ASSR to estimate the threshold with three frequencies 500Hz (low), 2000Hz (mid) and 4000Hz (high) was done. The data was analyzed statistically using pair sample t-test. ASSR threshold for 80Hz and 40Hz was almost comparable. ASSR was superior to estimate the threshold than tone-burst ABR. For the low frequency the discrepancy between the behavioral threshold and frequency-specific evoked audiometry was more when compared to mid and high frequency. Present study showed that steady-state responses were efficient means of threshold detection than visual detection of ABR wave-V. In awake adult subjects, 40Hz and 80Hz amplitude modulated produced similar results. For the threshold estimation ASSR was better than tone-burst ABR.
|Number of pages
|Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
|Published - 06-2008
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