Trends in Primary Anatomical Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Practice in Adult Patients Prevalent Among Arthroscopy Surgeons of Six Southern States of India

Vivek Pandey, Sandesh Madi, Chirag Thonse, Clement Joseph, David Rajan, Jacob Varughese, Jai Thilak, P. S. Jayaprasad, Kiran Acharya, Krishna Gopal Ramamurthy, Raghuveer Reddy, Rajkumar Amravathi, Sharath Rao, Sridhar Gangavarapu, Moparthi Srinivas, Sujit Jose, S. R. Sundararjan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although guidelines from multiple scientific studies decide the general trend in ACLR practice, there is often a variation between scientific guidelines and actual practice. Methods: A 17-member committee comprised of sports surgeons with experience of a minimum of 10 years of arthroscopy surgery finalized a survey questionnaire consisting of concepts in ACL tear management and perioperative trends, intraoperative and post-operative practices regarding single-bundle anatomic ACLR. The survey questionnaire was mailed to 584 registered sports surgeons in six states of south India. A single, non-modifiable response was collected from each member and analyzed. Results: 324 responses were received out of 584 members. A strong consensus was present regarding Hamstring tendons preference for ACLR, graft diameter ≥ 7.5 mm, viewing femoral footprint through the anterolateral portal, drilling femoral tunnel from anteromedial portal guided by ridges and remnants of femoral footprint using a freehand technique, suspensory devices to fix the graft in femur and interference screw in the tibia and post-operative bracing. A broad consensus was achieved in using a brace to minimize symptoms of instability of an ACL tear and antibiotic soaking of graft. There was no consensus regarding the timing of ACLR, preferred graft in athletes, pre-tensioning, extra-articular procedure, and return to sports. There was disagreement over hybrid tibial fixation and suture tapes to augment graft. Conclusion: Diverse practices continue to prevail in the management of ACL injuries. However, some of the consensuses reached in this survey match global practices. Contrasting or inconclusive practices should be explored for potential future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1703-1716
Number of pages14
JournalIndian Journal of Orthopaedics
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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