Tribolayer Behaviour and Wear of Artificially Aged AI6061 Hybrid Composites

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The current work focuses on enhancing wear resistance due to the presence of reinforcements and the effect of ageing treatment on hybrid composites of Al6061-SiC+B4C. By varying weight percentage, two kinds of reinforcements, viz. silicon carbide and boron carbide, were prepared for hybrid composites by the liquid state process known as the method of stir casting. The solutionising temperature of 550°C for 2 hours and ageing temperature of 100–200°C at different time intervals were used for both Al6061 alloy and its composites during heat treatment. Microstructural and mechanical characterisation were carried out using a standard testing procedure. Compared to Al6061 matrix alloy, artificially peak aged composites show 100–140% improvement in hardness due to harder reinforcements and precipitation of solute rich secondary phases during ageing treatment. Overall, an 80–100% increase in wear resistance observed during peak ageing of hybrid composites. Analysis of Al6061 matrix alloy wear out surface shows extensive grooving and ploughing of the surface with the matrix material smear at many spots. The presence of tribolayer in Al6061-SiC+B4C composites shows a smoother surface than the Al6061 matrix alloy, which results in an excellent lubrication effect during an improvement in wear resistance. The wear surface of base aluminium alloy doesn’t show the existence of iron in the tribolayer. The research work is significant in forming a thermally activated wear-resistant metallic tribolayer with good tribological properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8668-8676
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 06-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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