Utility of Thromboelastography and velocity curve derivative in diagnosing COVID-19 associated coagulopathy

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Background: COVID-19 associated coagulopathy (CAC) can either be localized or systemic hypercoagulable state with increased risk of thromboembolism. This study looked into the usefulness of Thromboelastography (TEG) and the velocity curve (V-curve) derivative from TEG in diagnosing and differentiating different stages of CAC. Materials and Methods: A prospective single cohort study of RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients was carried out for 2 weeks. Severe COVID-19 patients in the adult critical care units with a TEG report were recruited for the study. Citrated kaolin TEG was performed on the day of admission before anticoagulation. TEG parameters included were R and K time, alpha angle, maximum amplitude, clotting index, lysis at 30 min. The first-degree velocity curve of TEG is plotted as V-curve which extrapolates thrombus generation potential. Parameters analyzed were the maximum rate of thrombus generation as well as thrombus generated (TG). Results: The study included 43 patients with an average age of 58.34 (±15.35). TEG as well as V-curve of all the patients were hypercoagulable compared with age-matched reference range. We had 79.06% of patients in hypercoagulable stage. The mortality rate was 32.56% and 30.23% developed thrombotic incidents. Patients who succumbed to death had prolonged PT, aPTT, MA, Ly30, with a reduced TG (p <.05). The presence of fibrinolysis was associated with thromboembolism (OR = 6.76, CI = 1.48–25.82). Repeat TEG was done randomly in 11 patients and revealed a persistent hypercoagulable stage with increasing fibrinolysis activity. Conclusion: TEG is a useful tool in diagnosing and categorizing Coagulopathy associated with COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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