Voice-Related Problems, Vocal and Non-Vocal Habits in Naradiya Kirtankars: A Preliminary Study

Rasika R. Karulkar, Dhanshree R. Gunjawate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Naradiya kirtan is a part of India's rich folk heritage. Voice demands of the kirtankar (kirtan performer) include a combination of recitation, narration, and singing. Slight to moderate deviations in their voice could hamper their public image as well as endanger their career. A preliminary study was undertaken to explore the voice problems, vocal and non-vocal habits of Naradiya kirtankars. Study design: Cross-sectional study design. Method: A 22-item questionnaire was developed in English language and translated to Marathi language. This questionnaire was administered on 40 Naradiya kirtankars through purposive sampling. Participants included Naradiya kirtankars located in Mumbai and Pune cities with minimum of one-year training in the field and proficiency in Marathi language. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that kirtankars might be at a risk of developing voice problems. Among the kirtankars with voice problems, frequently pursued primary occupations involving extensive voice use, performed in a noisy environment, indulged in excessive talking, strained the neck muscles while voicing, impersonated voice, had reduced duration of sleep, and hearing difficulty as compared to kirtankars without voice problems. Conclusion: Study findings highlight the need for dedicated efforts towards increasing the awareness among the kirtankars’ about the vocal, non-vocal factors associated with voice problems and the role of voice health-care professionals in voice care.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Voice
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing


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