As the Distributed Generation (DG) is evolving, the distribution network has undergone tremendous change. The DG sources like wind and solar are intermittent in nature. Hence to estimate the Active distribution network's (ADN) parameters (Voltage and Current) accurately with the DG variation, the traditional offline method like long-term smart distribution network planning (with off-line variant) method is not feasible in terms of network's reliability and operation. In this work, an online voltage estimation technique using PMU (Phasor Measurement Unit) technology is proposed to enhance a distribution network's reliable operation and real-time monitoring. The proposed estimation method does not require PMU units at all nodes in the network. The estimation of unknown states information can be achieved from available PMU unit's data. The proposed methodology is economical and feasible for voltage estimation, and system observability as the number of PMU units required is less. The standard IEEE Distribution network systems are considered for checking the feasibility of the recommended technique. For the simulation of the case studies, MATLAB programming is used. A Forward and Backward sweep (FBS) load-flow algorithm is used to authenticate the proposed methodology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Computer Science
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering